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Understanding The 5 Ps of The SDGs

The former Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon has mentioned that the five Ps are essential in discussing and explaining the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. We can actually categorize the 17 goals into five Ps.


Goals one, two, three, four and five can be combined into the category for people. As we remember from the United Nations dictum, the 2030 agenda is to leave no one behind. The SDGs are goals that represent and emphasize the importance of the livelihood of all people. The first five goals of sustainable development goals are designed to provide an appropriate target for meeting the fundamental Ds of all people around the world. The first two goals addressed the most basic sustenance. Goals three and four assert the access to fundamental goals of health, well-being and education. The next goal is to focus on one of the key social issues of empowering girls and women around the world.


Goals 6, 12, 13,14 and 15 present the challenges that our planet is facing around the world. This is important in the planning upon which the SDGs were agreed within the international community because the global community can deeply appreciate the critical importance of saving our planet and how our future depended on transforming our approaches to responding to the climate crisis. Goal six ascribes management of water and sanitation for all to ensure access to clean and safe water for all people. As we know, the management of water is critical in saving the planet as all life forms require water in order to survive. In conjunction with goal six, goal 12 asserts appropriate and proportionate consumption and production for ensuring sustainable development. Goals 13, 14, 15 directly address the significant effort towards the protection of our planet. Goal 13 is presented as the precedent that all environmental protection policies and targets start from climate action. Goals 14 and 15 highlight that the protection of our ecosystem is crucial for our planet's survival while reminding us that we must work to achieve these goals systematically and simultaneously. The next categorization moves forward with issues relating to prosperity. It is a reminder that sustainable development goals are not intended to disregard the importance of economic development. In order for the world to live with peace and prosperity, economic development that can attain prosperity is the requisite condition for all people. The intended design objective of the SDGs understands and appreciate the critical importance of the sustainability side to economic development. In all developmental agendas or processes, attaining energy sources and energy utilization are indispensable for achieving successful outcomes. At the same time, the environmental complications and destruction that can arise from energy utilization must become an important priority for us to manage and resolve to reach sustainable solutions. Therefore, goal seven provides targets for the international community to be able to attenuate the negative impact from over-utilization and eventually achieve the appropriate and sustainable balance of energy utilization because we will not be able to save the planet without addressing the energy utilization issue.


Goal 8, 9, 10, 11 speaks to the issues involving fair and justice systems both in public and private communities and national entities. Again, these issues are directly related to goal five in that fairness and justice must be realized throughout the lines on gender, age, geographic regions, political and cultural entities involving every individual around the globe. These goals assert sustainable economic successes must be achieved in manners that promote and attain a fair justice system. These goals address that such achievement can be realized through smart and innovative approaches for a sound and reliable economic foundation. In these goals, the SDG highlights the importance of reducing inequalities for fair gross for everyone.

Peace and Partnerships

The last two goals, goals 16 and 17 incorporate the peace and partnership categorization of the SDGs. Peace has been an important aspect of the development of the 2030 agenda. Conflicts, terrorism and other forms of difficulties were threatening the peace around the world. In addition, weak institutions can become the targets of those who threaten peace around the world. Therefore, goal 16 shows how the international community must come together to promote and protect peace around the world, not with military actions but preferably with strong institutions of justice. Lastly, goal 17 represents the partnerships for the goals. As we have seen in goal eight of the MDGs, partnership constitutes an important factor in all the 17 goals. Although the SDGs were agreed upon by the member states within the United Nations, achieving the SDGs involve all entities in the international community. During this week, we talked about how each of the goals is represented in all five Ps. People, planet, prosperity, peace and partnership. We can remember that the five Ps represent, and embody the core priorities of the SDGs.

You may access further explanation about the 5 P's here:

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